BCS Preliminary Exam Syllabus 2024 : Unlocking the Gateway to Success With Ultimate Guide

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BCS Preliminary Exam Syllabus 2024! Cracking the Bangladesh Civil Service (BCS) exam is a dream for many Bangladeshi aspirants. But the journey begins with conquering the first hurdle: the BCS Preliminary Exam. With hundreds of thousands competing for a limited number of seats, preparation is crucial. But where do you start? Fear not, future civil servants! This comprehensive guide is your key to mastering the 2024 BCS Preliminary Exam syllabus and taking your first confident step towards your dream career.

Here, we’ll dissect the syllabus subject by subject, offering essential tips, resources, and strategies to empower you. We’ll equip you with time management techniques to combat exam anxiety, delve into mock tests as your training ground, and build a support system to fuel your motivation. So, grab your pens, notebooks, and a determined spirit, because we’re about to crack this code together!

BCS Preliminary Exam Syllabus 2024

Mastering the Maze : BCS Preliminary Exam Syllabus 2024

The Bangladesh Civil Service (BCS) exam is the gateway to securing a prestigious government job and serving the nation. The exam journey spans preliminary, written, and viva stages, with the preliminary test being the first hurdle aspirants must clear. Crafting a strategic preparation plan based on the preliminary exam syllabus is key to getting off to a flying start. This comprehensive guide delves deep into the 2024 BCS preliminary exam blueprint, providing invaluable insights and tools to help you conquer the test maze.

BCS Preliminary Exam 2024 : What You Need to Know?

The BCS preliminary examination is a 200-mark multiple-choice question (MCQ) test conducted to shortlist candidates for the main written exam. It aims to assess general knowledge, analytical abilities, and basic educational achievements across key subjects in the arts, science and commerce streams.

Preliminary Exam Format

  • Duration: 2 hours
  • Questions: 200 MCQs
  • Negative Marking: No
  • Standard: Graduation level

The BCS exam structure entails:

  1. Preliminary MCQ Test
  2. Written Examination (900 marks)
  3. Viva Voce (100 marks)

Cracking the rigorous preliminary stage is essential to keep BCS dreams alive. A well-planned strategy focused on the syllabus and exam pattern is vital.

Exam Dates and Eligibility Criteria – Don’t Miss the Deadline!

BCS Preliminary Exam 2024

  • Application Deadline: To be announced
  • Exam Date:To be announced

Eligibility Criteria

To appear for the BCS preliminary test, an applicant must:

  • Be a Bangladeshi citizen
  • Be at least 21 years of age
  • Have a graduation degree of minimum 16 years of education

The BCS exam recruits candidates for the following posts:

  • Administration Cadre: Deputy Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner
  • Police Cadre: Assistant Superintendent of Police
  • General Cadre: Senior Assistant Secretary
  • Taxation Cadre
  • Audit & Accounts Cadre
  • Foreign Cadre
  • Railway Cadre

Specific eligibility conditions apply for technical cadres. Visit the BPSC website for detailed official notifications.

Exam Format and Scoring – Understanding the Gauntlet

Preliminary Exam Format

  • Duration: 2 hours
  • Questions: 200 multiple-choice questions
  • Total Marks: 200
  • Marking: Each question carries 1 mark

Negative Marking: No negative marks allotted

Subject-Wise Weightage of Marks

The 200 marks are divided across the preliminary exam subjects as follows:

Subjects Marks
Bangladesh Affairs 25% = 50 marks
International Affairs 12.5% = 25 marks
Science and Technology 20% = 40 marks
Mental Ability 10% = 20 marks
Total 67.5% = 135 marks

The remaining 65 marks are given for:

  • Bangladesh’s 1st and 2nd language papers
  • English
  • General Mathematics
  • Numerical Analysis

Pass Marks and Competition Ratio – Setting Realistic Goals

Historically, the cut-off pass mark for the BCS preliminary exam has ranged between 110 to 115. However, this can vary based on performance and the number of available vacancies.

The BCS exam sees over 5 lac candidates appearing for limited openings annually. The competition ratio has been as high as 1:153 for the administrative cadre.

Setting a realistic target pass mark while accounting for the competition level is important. Identifying personal strengths/weaknesses and emphasizing high-weightage topics increases success probability.

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Demystifying the Syllabus : A Subject-by-Subject Breakdown

Now let us take a granular view of the key areas covered under the subjects featuring in the BCS preliminary exam 2024.

Bangladesh’s 1st and 2nd Language Papers

This tests Bengali language proficiency in:

  • Reading comprehension – Analyzing passages, literary excerpts
  • Grammar – Parts of speech, syntax, sentence structures
  • Vocabulary – Synonyms, antonyms, idioms, phrases
  • Composition – Letters, emails, stories, informal/formal texts

Resources: Class 12 Bengali textbooks, online grammar/vocabulary sites, previous year papers

Tips: Improving reading speed, gaining mastery over basic grammatical concepts through practice exercises


Core areas examined are:

  • Grammar – Tenses, prepositions, conjunctions, verbs, clauses, narration styles, voice change
  • Vocabulary – Synonyms, antonyms, homophones, idioms/phrases, one word substitutes
  • Comprehension – Literary/factual passages followed by MCQ-based test questions
  • Composition – Essays, letters, paragraphs, applications, dialogue writing

Resources: Wren & Martin/Dutta & Chakraborty grammar books, previous prelims papers

Tips: Building English fluency through reading newspapers, novels. Watching English movies/shows. Strengthening grammar through regular practice.

Bangladesh Affairs

This section tests your grasp of:

  • History – Mughal rule, British regime, Pakistan era, our Liberation War, historical figures
  • Politics and Government – Constitution, Parliamentary system, democracy, voting behavior
  • Geography and Demography – Rivers, agriculture, natural resources, population statistics
  • Culture and Tradition – Festivals, attire, cuisine, lifestyle
  • Economy – Sectors, policies, developments, international trade and finance
  • Current Affairs and Socioeconomic Issues – Latest news events, government schemes, challenges

Resources: Class 7-10 history/geography textbooks, daily newspapers, Bangladesh economy books, online affairs sites

Tips: Covering lengthy history portion strategically through summaries. Tracking current affairs regularly. Attempting topic-wise MCQ practices.

International Affairs

International affairs covers global topics like:

  • World Organizations – UN agencies (WHO, World Bank, IMF, etc), groupings (SAARC, ASEAN, EU, NATO, etc)
  • Contemporary Issues – Global conflicts, terrorism, refugees, climate change, sustainable development, etc
  • Bilateral Relations – Bangladesh’s ties, partnerships, agreements with other countries
  • Current International Events – Global news in politics, business, technology, disasters, sports

Resources: Grade 12 world affairs textbook, reading editorials in newspapers, online current affairs magazines

Tips: Having conceptual clarity about major world bodies, groupings, issues. Following international news daily through mobile news apps.

Mathematical Reasoning

Core concepts tested here include:

  • Numerical Ability – Integers, fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios, averages, profit/loss, time/work, speed/distance, simple interest
  • Data Interpretation – Tables, charts, graphs
  • Quantitative Reasoning – Basic arithmetic and mathematical problem solving

Resources: RS Agarwal/Tyra quant books, previous years’ questions

Tips: Speeding up calculation strategies, practicing data interpretation exercises, strengthening quantitative logical skills

Mental Ability

This tests:

  • Verbal Reasoning – Statement analysis, conclusions, assumptions, inferences, arguments
  • Non-verbal Reasoning– Spatial orientation, mirror images, grouping of identical figures, embedded figures
  • Analytical Reasoning – Deriving key insights from passages, visuals, apply logic
  • Intelligence Tests – Find the missing option, establish sequence or patterns

Resources: RS Agarwal Mental Ability, online mock tests

Tips: Attempting topic-wise MCQ practices, learning tricks to quickly solve reasoning questions

General Science and Technology

Covers a wide range of concepts related to:

  • Physics – Force, motion, pressure, heat, light, sound, electricity, electronics
  • Chemistry – Atomic structure, chemical bonding, metals & nonmetals, petroleum
  • Biology – Plant/animal cell parts, nutrition, human body systems
  • General Awareness – Inventions, discoveries, abbreviations
  • Technology – Digitalization (computers, internet, mobile tech, social media etc)

Resources: Class 8-10 NCERT science textbooks, general science question banks

Tips: Having clarity of basic definitions and principles. Practicing chapter-wise and topic-wise MCQs for assessment.

Numerical Analysis

This evaluates:

  • Data Analysis Skills– Tables, charts, graphs and ability to interpret them
  • Basic of Statistics – Mean, median, mode, probability, correlation, frequency distributions
  • Quantitative Calculations – Ratios, percentages, unitary method

Resources: Grade 8-10 math textbooks, RS Aggrawal Quantitative Aptitude

Tips: Strengthening data interpretation techniques via regular practice of MCQ sets

Subject-Specific Strategies – Tools for Triumph

Cracking each BCS preliminary exam subject requires tailoring preparation methods to its unique demands. Here are insightful tips for sailing smoothly through all subjects:

Time Management Mastery – Making Every Minute Count

Create a Study Plan

Allot testing time to subjects based on marks-weightage. Set sectional targets by calculating minutes per mark. For instance:

  • Bangladesh Affairs – 50 marks x 1.5 minutes/mark = 75 minutes
  • International Affairs – 25 marks x 1 minute/mark = 25 minutes

Factor in revision, practice tests, rest times. Use scheduling apps to organize study plan.

Simulate Test Conditions

Practice solving question papers in one stretch within 2 hours to build exam-hall mental endurance. Analyze speed and accuracy.

Eliminate Distractions

Set location/app blockers on phone to avoid wasting precious minutes. Follow mindfulness techniques to boost focus.

“Time management is the key to unlocking the potential for greatness that lies within us all.” – Andrea Goeglein

Conquering Exam Anxiety – Staying Calm Under Pressure

Anxious thought patterns are performance-limiting yet inevitable. Countering them requires self-care strategies like:

  • Positive Self-Talk – Use affirmations to override self-doubt and fear. Assure your abilities.
  • Relaxation Exercises – Practice deep breathing, meditation and yoga regularly to improve focus capability despite chaos.
  • Balanced Lifestyle – Exercise, proper nutrition and adequate rest are essential for peak mental and physical functioning during high-stakes exams. Build resilience through healthy habits.

Remember – Anxiety can seem overwhelming in the moment but is limited to thoughts and bodily sensations. Retain equanimity by viewing it as passing clouds. You are the unshakeable sky observing but not controlled by those clouds. This mindfulness releases anxiety’s grip!

Mock Tests and Practice Makes Perfect

Attempt Mocks Strategically

Solving 10-15 quality mock tests serves multiple purposes:

  • Evaluates preparation level
  • Highlights weak areas
  • Enhances focus and thinking under pressure
  • Builds speed and confidence

Time mocks akin to the actual test. Analyze each test comprehensively – accuracy of answers, mistakes, speed, strong/weak sections. Refine your strategy accordingly.

Practice with Previous Papers

Solving prelims papers of past years is invaluable for BCS exam preparation:

  • Gets familiar with actual question standards, styles and format
  • Allows customizing practice to subjects through sectional tests
  • Helps track progressive score improvements when taking multiple papers chronologically

Use separate notes to store important memory markers from past questions for quick revision.

Building a Support System – Sharing the Journey

Discussion Forums to Learn Continuously

Participating in online BCS forums opens gateways for:

  • Getting study plan feedback from senior candidates
  • Clearing doubts by querying previously asked questions
  • Exchanging preparation tips and notes

Form Study Groups

Collaborative learning has benefits:

  • Group discussions reinforce grasping of concepts
  • Teaching/learning from peers fills individual knowledge gaps
  • Motivation and competitive spirit gets a boost in company

Blend solo learning with group sits to maximize gains.

FAQs About BCS Preliminary Exam Syllabus 2024

1. What are the subjects in the BCS preliminary exam?

The BCS preliminary exam tests your knowledge across nine core subjects:

  • Bangla 1st & 2nd Paper: Focuses on grammar, comprehension, writing skills, and basic literary knowledge.
  • English: Assesses grammar, vocabulary, comprehension, and writing skills.
  • Bangladesh Affairs: Covers the history, geography, politics, economy, culture, and current affairs of Bangladesh.
  • International Affairs: Delves into major global events, organizations, and issues relevant to Bangladesh.
  • Mathematical Reasoning: Tests numerical ability, data interpretation, and basic problem-solving skills.
  • Mental Ability: Challenges your reasoning, logic, spatial relations, and analytical thinking.
  • General Science and Technology: Highlights basic scientific concepts, inventions, and technological advancements.
  • Numerical Analysis: Introduces data analysis, statistics, and basic calculations.

2. What is the pass mark for the BCS preliminary exam?

The pass mark for the BCS preliminary exam varies slightly between General and Professional/Technical cadres and can also change with each exam edition. Typically, it ranges between 80-85 marks out of 200 in the General cadre and 75-80 marks out of 200 in the Professional/Technical cadre.

3. What is the structure of the BCS exam?

The BCS exam is a three-stage process:

  • Preliminary Exam: An MCQ-based test encompassing the nine core subjects, eliminating a large portion of applicants.
  • Written Exam: A subjective test focusing on specific subjects related to the chosen post/cadre.
  • Viva Voce: An interview to assess personality, communication skills, and suitability for the chosen post/cadre.

4. How can I prepare myself for the BCS exam?

Preparation is key for success in the BCS exam. Here are some essential tips:

  • Understand the syllabus and weightage of each subject.
  • Create a study schedule and stick to it.
  • Utilize relevant resources like textbooks, study guides, online mock tests, and previous year papers.
  • Develop effective subject-specific strategies for studying and practicing.
  • Master time management techniques and conquer exam anxiety.
  • Join a study group or find a mentor for support and motivation.
  • Take mock tests regularly to assess your progress and identify areas for improvement.
  • Stay updated on current affairs and relevant news.
  • Maintain a positive mindset and believe in your ability to succeed.

The Final Push: Believe, Prepare, and Conquer!

Cracking the code of the BCS preliminary exam requires strategic thinking, systematic effort and perseverance. Analyze the syllabus demands, your strengths and improvement areas. Craft a personalized preparation blueprint fixing realistic milestones.

Deploy insightful exam techniques alongside diligent subject studies to optimize success probability. Every minute invested strategically raises your preparation levels exponentially, getting you closer to the dream job!

Stay confident in your capabilities. Follow the guidance shared passionately. You CAN conquer this preliminary milestone on the road to becoming a BCS officer.